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The Greek historian, politician and general Xenophon (430-354 BC) fought as an officer in an army of Greek mercenaries under the insurgent Cyrus I (657-600 BC) against his brother Artaxerxes II. (453-359 BC) and led 10,000 Greeks from Babylon back home. He later described this in his writing "Anabasis" (train inland). He is considered an outstanding, versatile specialist author. On his long journey through the Middle East, he also learned the typical alcoholic beverages from today Armenia know. He spent much of his life as a landlord on the Greek peninsula Peloponnese, of which his excellent knowledge of agriculture, viniculture and cattle breeding.

Xenophon - Page from the Oikonomiukos / Xenophon and Socrates (Raffael)

He wrote guidebooks about cavalry, hunting, dog guiding and horse riding. In the writing "Oikonomikos" (housekeeping) he conveys the rules of good housekeeping and the basics of agriculture, especially about the management of a country estate. Among other things, a dialogue between a farmer and the one he appreciates Socrates (470-399 BC) with philosophical wisdom about Wine as well as planting vines portrayed. Accordingly, the vines must be planted diagonally in a loosened soil and trod all around. Parts of his works are in the agricultural factory Geoponika from the 10th century included.

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