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The Greek historian, politician and general Xenophon (430-354 BC) fought as an officer in an army of Greek mercenaries under the insurgent Cyrus I (657-600 BC) against his brother Artaxerxes II (453-359 BC) and led 10,000 Greeks from Babylon back to the home. This he described later in his writing "Anabasis" (train to the interior). He is considered an outstanding, versatile specialist author. On his long journey through the Middle East, he also learns the then typical alcoholic drinks from today Armenia know. He spent much of his life as a squire on the Greek peninsula Peloponnese of which his excellent knowledge of agriculture, viniculture and livestock.

Xenophon - Page from the Oikonomiukos / Xenophon and Socrates (Raphael)

He wrote guides on cavalry, hunting, dog tracking and equitation. In the book "Oikonomikos" (housekeeping), he teaches the rules of good housekeeping and the foundations of agriculture, especially on the management of a farm. Among other things, there is a dialogue between a farmer and the one he appreciates Socrates (470-399 BC) with philosophical wisdom about Wine as well as the plants of vines portrayed. The vines must therefore be inserted obliquely in a well-loosened soil and festgetreten around. Parts of his works are in the agricultural plant Geoponika from the 10th century included.

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