The red grape variety comes from Greece, Synonyms are Black Naousa, Csinomavro, Mavro, xinomavro, Mavro Naoustino, Mavro Xyno, Naouses Mavro, Naoussis Mavro, Naoustiano, Naoystiro Mavro, Negroska Popolka, Niaousa, Niasoustino, Pipoliko, Pipolka, Popoliko, Popolka, Xinogaltso, Xynomavro Bolgar, Xynomavron , Xynomavro Naoussis, Xynomavro of Náoussa, Zinomavro and Zynomavro. The synonym Naoussis Mavro and similar names (meaning "black people from Naoussa") indicate the probable place of origin in Macedonia.
There are at least three game types ( Clones ) who differ ampelographisch make a difference. According to in 2013 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross between Gouais Blanc x unknown partner emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). Pierre's Galet (1921-2019) assumed close relationship to the varieties Nebbiolo or Pinot Noir has not been confirmed. The late-ripening vine is prone to the wrong people mildew and Botrytis, and to a lesser extent for powdery mildew. It produces dark-colored, acid-stressed red wines with aging potential, as the name “Sour Black” indicates. A variety of aromas of strawberries, plums, tomatoes, olives and dried fruits are developed in old age and during ripening.
The versatile variety is used for the production of red wines, rosé wines and also sparkling wines, which are developed from dry to sweet. It is particularly in the region of Northern Greece Macedonia spread wherever in wines of appellations Amynteo. Goumenissa and Naoussa plays a determining role. In the region Thessaly it is in the appellation Rapsani authorized. The total area under cultivation in 2010 was 1,971 hectares with a slight downward trend (in 2000 there were 1,816 hectares), the majority of which were in Macedonia.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)