DO area on the Spanish island of Tenerife; see below Canary Islands,
The too Spain counting archipelago Canary Islands (Span. Canarias) with about 7,500 km² is located in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa. This is 1,100 km from mainland Spain, but the easternmost island of Lanzarote is only 100 km from Africa ( Morocco ) away. When the Romans in the antiquity On the island of Fuerteventura, they found numerous packs of wild dogs, so they called the island "Insula Canaria" (dog island). In 1402 a Spanish ship landed on Gran Canaria and found there the indigenous people of the Guanches, this people still lived as in the Stone Age. The Spaniards and port giants brought with them their native grape varieties until the end of this century and established viticulture. At that time sweet, alcoholic wines were popular, which were pressed from the white varieties Moscatel and Malvasia. The wine was called "Canary bag "And in large quantities after England and Northern Europe. At the time of William Shakespeare (1564-1616), the island wine was already famous, in "What you want" Sir Toby Belch calls for "a cup of canary".
The seven main islands are Fuerteventura, La Gomera, Gran Canaria, El Hierro, Lanzarote, La Palma and Tenerife; Viticulture is practiced at all. These are volcanic islands, the last eruption took place on La Palma in 1971. For this reason, prevails volcanic, ideal for viticulture soil. The subtropical and even throughout the year even, pleasant climate has earned the Archipelago the epithet "Islands of Eternal Spring". The flora is characterized by a high biodiversity and a high proportion autochthonous Plant species. The vineyards cover about 9,000 hectares of vineyards. A special feature are the exclusively ungrafted Vines, since the archipelago of the phylloxera largely spared.
The most important red grape variety is Almuñeco ( Listán Negro ) with over 4,500 hectares....