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23.062 Keywords • 48.237 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.282 Cross-references

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Year in the vineyard

See below growth cycle,

The growing season (also called vegetation phase or growing season) is the rhythmically repeated part of the year in which a plant actively grows and develops. The study of the biological processes associated with this is called phenology. In viticulture, the vegetation period is the period from the last frost (late frost) in spring to the first frost (early frost) in autumn. This should last at least 180 days. The remaining part of the year in which a perennial plant does not grow is known as the vegetative dormancy, dormancy or rest period. The total of the annually recurring growth phases of a plant, including dormancy, is the growing cycle. In viticulture, however, the vegetative cycle of the vine is also often understood as a period without dormancy

Phases of the cycle

The months or periods indicated in the table below for the individual cycles of the vine are averages and the range of variation can be relatively wide. Possible influencing factors are environmental conditions such as climate (microclimate), weather, as well as soil characteristics and environmental conditions such as vine enemies. The period or the speed of development also depends strongly on the grape variety. Very early ripening varieties go through the cycle from budding to maturation (ripening) very quickly in around 130 days and are therefore suitable for cooler wine-growing regions. Late ripening varieties such as Riesling and Grüner Veltliner need more light and warmth, they have a long growing cycle of up to 200 days (see under Ripening time). Last but not least, the work of the...

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