The former Yugoslavia is one of the oldest wine-growing countries in Europe. The Phoenicians
already brought in around 1200 BC They planted vines from their native land (today's Lebanon) as well as their colonies from Cyprus and Crete and planted them on the Dalmatian Adriatic coast. Greek colonists cultivated wine from the 7th century BC on the Istrian and Dalmatian coast near Trogir and on some (now Croatian) islands such as Korcula, Hvar and Vis. When the Romans conquered the area in the 2nd century AD, they already found and developed an extensive wine culture. Emperor Probus
, which came from Illyria (now Croatia), promoted viticulture. At 1000 BC conquered Venice
the coastal area.