On a viticulture in China already 4,600 years ago contents of in 200 near Rizhao (Shandong) found 200 pottery vessels, which on 2,600 v. Chr. Were dated. In these residues of grape wine were found. The explorer Zhang Qian (195-114 BC) returned in 138 BC. At the time of the Han Dynasty, he returned from his voyages from the West and brought with him viticulture skills. The first written documents date back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907), when Emperor Li Shimin vulgo Taizong (599-649) noticed the special quality of the grapes from the Turpan Basin, for which reason he extended his territory to the northwestern region of Xinjiang. Already in the middle of the 7th century, vinifera varieties called serpent, mare's nipple (Mare's nipple) and dragon's pearl were probably imported from Russia. Marco Polo (1254-1324) reports on vineyards and excellent wine in the northeastern region of Taiyuan. In the 14th century, however, many vineyards were cleared in imperial order in favor of cereal crops.
Wine has never become an important part of life in China, as it has for all other great civilized people. Next to the climate In addition to the huge rice and cereal areas, this is likely to be related to eating habits, as Chinese foods are particularly spicy foods, to which rice schnapps are much more suited than Wine. Even with the alcoholic drinks played in China so designated grape wine (grape alcohol) in addition to the rice wine (Mijiu) for a very long time a minor role. Wine remained an exclusive rarity for a small wealthy minority for over a thousand years; that is only beginning to change rapidly today.
The modern Chinese wine history began in 1892. The businessman Cheong Fatt Tze vulgo Chang Bishi (1841-1916) bought land in Yantai (Shandong), introduced 150 varieties with 500,000 vines from Europe and the USA and founded the Chang Yu Winery. The Austro-Hungarian consul Baron Max von was appointed consultant and butler Babo (1862-1933). This led barrels, presses and 400,000 Riesling seedlings from Austria and brought the winery to an international reputation. That was the birth of the multinational Yantai Changyu Pioneer Wine Company, At the beginning of the 20th century, other major wineries were founded, such as 1910 by French missionaries Shang-Yi (now Beijing Friendship Winery) in Shandong, 1914 by Melco in Quingdao by German missionaries, and by Japanese Tung-Hua in Jilin.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 extensive vineyards were created on the Yellow River. From the end of the 1970s, foreign investments were then promoted. The first partner was in 1980 the French company Rémy Martin (today Rémy Cointreau ), the brand with Chinese investors Dynasty...