Wine growing in China 4,600 years ago is indicated by the contents of 200 clay pots found near Rizhao (Shandong) in 1995, which date back to 2,600 BC. BC were dated. Residues of grape wine were found in these. The discoverer Zhang Qian (195-114 BC) returned in 138 BC. Chr. Back from his travels from the West during the Han Dynasty and brought with him wine-making knowledge. The first written documents come from the Tang Dynasty (618-907) when Emperor Li Shimin vulgo Taizong (599-649) noticed the special quality of the grapes from the Turpan Basin, which is why he had his territory extended to the northwest region of Xinjiang. Vinifera varieties called snake, mare's teat (Mare's Nipple) and dragon pearl were probably imported from Russia as early as the middle of the 7th century. Marco Polo (1254-1324) reports on wine plantations and excellent wine in the northeastern region of Taiyuan. In the 14th century, however, many vineyards were cleared in favor of grain cultivation on imperial orders.
Wine has never become an important part of life in China like all other large cultural peoples. Next to the climate, which is characterized by cold winters and extremely hot summers in large areas, is probably due to the huge rice and grain areas and also to the eating habits, because in Chinese cuisine particularly spicy dishes are popular, with which rice schnapps goes much better than Wine. The grape wine (grape alcohol) so called in China also played alongside that for the lower-alcohol beverages rice wine (Mijiu) played a subordinate role for a very long time. Wine remained an exclusive rarity for a small wealthy minority for over a thousand years; that is only beginning to change rapidly today.
Modern Chinese wine history began in 1892. The businessman Cheong Fatt Tze vulgo Chang Bishi (1841-1916) bought land in Yantai (Shandong), imported 150 varieties with 500,000 vines from Europe and the USA and founded the Chang Yu winery. The Austrian-Hungarian consul Baron Max von Babo (1862-1933) committed. This carried barrels, presses and 400,000 Riesling seedlings from Austria and brought the winery to an international reputation. That was the birth of the multinationals Yantai Changyu Pioneer Wine Company, At the beginning of the 20th century, other large wineries were founded, such as 1910 by French missionaries Shang-Yi (now Beijing Friendship Winery) in Shandong, 1914 Melco in Quingdao by German missionaries and by Japanese Tung-Hua in Jilin.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, extensive vineyards were created on the Yellow River. From the late 1970s, foreign investments were then promoted. The first partner was the French company Rémy Martin in 1980 (today Rémy Cointreau ), the brand with...