The white grape variety comes from Austria. There are over 40 synonyms that testify to the old age of the vine and earlier widespread use. These are, among other things, alphabetically grouped by country Zierfandler Rouge ( France ); Zierfandler Rosso ( Italy ); Zerjavina, Zerjavina Crvena ( Croatia ); Gumpoldskirchner, Raifler, Reifler, Roter Reifler, Rotier Zierfandler, Rother Zierfahndler, Rothhinschen, Rubiner, Spättrot, Spättroter, Spättroter Gumpoldskirchner ( Austria ); Cirfandli, Keson Piros, Nemes Cirfandli, Piros Cirfandli ( Hungary ). The main name is used in different spellings for other grape varieties (see under Zierfahndler ). The variety may be due to apparently indicative synonyms, as well morphological or name similarities not to the varieties Sylvaner (Green Zierfandler) or Zinfandel be confused. According to 2000 DNA analysis it is probably a natural one crossing between Traminer (Savagnin Blanc) x Red Veltliner,
The exact origin is most likely Lower Austria; Lake Como in Italian Lombardy, which is mentioned in some sources, is unlikely. The medium to late ripening, somewhat unprofitable vine is sensitive to frost, as well as vulnerable to Botrytis and wrong mildew, The synonym "late red" is derived from the fact that the berries only turn reddish when fully ripe. It produces extract-rich, alcohol-strong, acid-stressed white wines with spicy aromas of orange and peach, as well as very good aging potential. In Austria, the vineyards cover 85 hectares, 79 of which are in the wine-growing region Thermenregion; especially in the community Gumpoldskirchen (hence Gumpoldskirchner). Here she likes to be together with the variety Rotgipfler (with the same parents, by the way) to the local specialty Spätrot-Rotgipfler blended. In Hungary 32 hectares are planted. In 2010, a total of 117 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)