The white grape variety comes from Austria. There are over 40 synonyms attesting to the old age of the vine and its early distribution. These are among others alphabetically grouped by country Zierfandler Rouge ( France ); Zierfandler Rosso ( Italy ); Zerjavina, Zerjavina Crvena ( Croatia ); Gumpoldskirchner, Raifler, Reifler, Red Reifler, Roter Zierfandler, Rother Zierfahndler, Rothhinschen, Rubiner, late red, late red, late red Gumpoldskirchner ( Austria ); Cirfandli, Keson Piros, Nemes Cirfandli, Piros Cirfandli ( Hungary ). The main name is also used in different spelling for other grape varieties (see Zierfahndler ). The variety may be due to apparently indicative synonyms, as well morphological or name similarities not with the varieties Sylvaner (Grüner Zierfandler) or Zinfandel be confused. According to 2000 done DNA analysis it is probably natural crossing between Traminer (Savagnin Blanc) x Red Veltliner,
The exact ancestry is most likely Lower Austria; Lake Como in Italian Lombardy is unlikely. The medium to late ripening, slightly unsustainable vine is sensitive to frost, as well as vulnerable to Botrytis and wrong mildew, The synonym "Spätroter" derives from the fact that the berries only turn reddish when fully ripe. It produces extract rich, strong alcoholic, acidic white wines with spicy aromas of orange and peach, as well as very good aging potential. In Austria, the vineyard covers 85 hectares, 79 of them in the wine-growing region Thermenregion; especially in the community Gumpoldskirchen (therefore also Gumpoldskirchner). Here she will be happy together with the variety Rotgipfler (with the same parents, by the way) to the local specialty Spätrot-Rotgipfler blended. In Hungary are thus planted 32 hectares. In 2010, a total of 117 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)