The red grape variety ( breeding number Klosterneuburg 181-2-71) is a new breed between St. Laurent x Blaufränkisch (which happened through in 1997 DNA analysis has been confirmed). Synonyms are Blue Zweigeltrebe, Blauer Zweigelt, Cvaigelt, Cveigelt, Klosterneuburg 71, Rotburger, Semenac Cerni 71, Zweigelt 71, Zweigeltrebe and Zwiegel. The cross was made in 1922 by Dr. Fritz Zweigelt (1888-1964) on Klosterneuburg Wine Institute (Lower Austria), which gave it the name Rotburger. It was not until 1975 that she received the Quality wine grape varieties Regulation after its creator the common name Zweigelt today. After many years of practical testing of the grape variety in the newly developed one, this name was adopted High culture-Cultivation especially the Lower Austrian wine pioneer Lenz Moser III. (1905-1978) a. The variety was a cross partner in the new varieties Ariana. Cabernet Moravia and Roesler,
The medium-ripening vine is resistant to frost but prone to Botrytis, as well as the one that has occurred since the 1990s grapes wilt (also Zweigelt disease, because this strain is visibly susceptible to it). Due to the vigor is intense foliage care required. It produces violet / reddish-colored, fruity Red wines with soft tannins and aromas of Vistula, Cassis. vanilla and cinnamon that at Barrique Show storage potential. It will often unmixed removed, but also used for blends.
The variety is mainly in Austria where it is the most common red wine variety with 6,476 hectares (in 10 years the stock increased by 50%). There are further stocks in Europe in Germany (100 ha), England (1 ha), Croatia (123 ha), Switzerland (15 ha), Slovakia (116 ha), Czech Republic (811 ha) and Hungary (2,050), as well as in Japan (231 ha), Canada (48 ha) and New Zealand (3 ha). The variety occupied a total of 9,847 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a rapidly increasing trend. It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 72.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)